Unfortunately as the caries rate in children has declined significantly over the past twenty years, the same fall has not been observed in the rate of dental traumatic injuries. The causes of these injuries not only varies considerably, but has been changing in nature as well. While contact sports such as, Australian Rules Football and Rugby continue to be responsible for a steady stream of dental trauma, leisure activities are also becoming increasingly associated with traumatic injuries. Activities such as roller-blading, skate-boarding, mountain bike riding, trampolining and horse riding are now associated with a significant amount of dental trauma.